KÖSZÖNTJÜK A MÓRAHALMI ÉS A PÉCSKAI  BIVALYREZERVÁTUM HONLAPJÁN! KÖSZÖNTJÜK A MÓRAHALMI ÉS A PÉCSKAI  BIVALYREZERVÁTUM HONLAPJÁN! Bine ati venit  pe pagina oficiala a bivolilor de rezervatie de la Morahalom si Pecica! Welcome to the website of the Bufallo farms of Mórahalom and Pecica!

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The first buffalo reservation of the Great South Plains was set up in 2008 on the outskirt of Mórahalom. It has been expected that the 45 young animals - 15 dams and 30 pups - will help to clear up the Nagyszéksós-lake and its area from the reed.

The area was used as a fishpond in rainy seasons, especially in the seventies. The area started to dry up very quickly at the end of the eighties. In 1991-92 there was barely any open water area left. Before the introduction of the buffaloes most of the area and surrounding meadow has been covered by reed-blanket. A great part of the lake had dried up.

Mórahalom Város Önkormányzata a Kiskunsági Nemzeti Park szakembereivel európai uniós támogatással projektet dolgozott ki a Nagyszéksós-tó náddal

The Local Government of Mórahalom worked out a project with the expert support of Kiskunság National Park and the European Union for the rehabilitation of the reed covered areas of Nagyszéksós-lake. The animal farm was set up near the lake where a herd of buffalo arrived from the Fertő-Hanság National park.

Together, lead partner Kiskunság National Park and co-partner, the Local Government of Mórahalom, provided 5% (of the funding) and the European Union’s 95% has been provided by the VÁTI Hungarian Regional Development and Urbanisztikai Nonprofit Kft.

Reached results:

The reduction of the reed covered area, the visibly growing wet area and the growing grass area surrounding the lake are showing long term results. The return of the birds which deserted the area, the appearance of newly nesting bird species and the reappearance of the vegetation (water lily) are evidence of the program’s success.

In 2009 a new buffalo family arrived to the farm of Nagyszéksós-lake; Rómeó the bull, Júlia the cow and Joda their child. Their names were voted on an open city council poll thereby bringing the community into the programme. They were purchased in the hope of reproduction which was successful. In the summer of 2010, twenty baby buffalos were born in the herd with joy of locals and visitors.

The herd increased in number, from forty five to sixty eight.

In Hungary buffaloes have been bred since the sixteenth century. In 1911 there were 155 buffalo in the country. Twenty-five years later there were only seven thousand buffaloes. Today there are only few hundred of them, most of them living in national parks.

Buffaloes are fully developed by the age of four or five. They live approximately until the age of twenty, twenty-five. Shoulder height is 150-180 centimetres; weight is 400-800 kilogrammes. Undemanding animals eat rush, reed, sedge and marsh grasses. It is useful for its power, its milk and meat. The power of its draught one and a half times bigger than the cattle’s, therefore it’s been used for pulling ashlars, thick logs and for ploughing land. Its milk is porcelain white and high in vitamins and fat. They can produce one kilogramme of cheese from six litres of milk. Its meat has a dark, reddish-brown colour. This is coarse-fibred and it’s less tender but it contains more phosphorus and iron than beef.

Source: www.geocaching.hu

The aims of the project:

The Nagyszéksós-Lake rehabilitation, the wet-land rehabilitation by ecological farming based on grazing, habitat reconstruction, demonstration-site creation, creating conditions for scientific research of the area and expanding tourism.

Further actions:

In 2011 the Local Government of Mórahalom within the Hungary-Romania Cross-Border Cooperation Programme 2007-2013 will carry out the buffalo reservation further expansion supported by the European Union, European Regional Development Fund and the Republic of Hungary co-financing with Romania.

The Local Government of Mórahalom is working with the Romanian Town Council of Pécska and the Pecska Natura Ecological Association.

The development of the buffalo farm includes the following:

- Education-Presentation House,

- Storage rooms for machines and tools,

- Roofing for buffalo

- Measuring centre.

The number of animals is increasing constantly making these buildings essential

Domesticated buffalo:

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